03 February 2012

This month, the Journal of Peace Research released a special issue on climate change and conflict that features two articles on CCAPS research: Climate Change, Rainfall, and Social Conflict in Africa, by CCAPS researchers Cullen Hendrix and Idean Salehyan, and Come Rain or Shine: An Analysis of Climate and Conflict Variability in East Africa, by CCAPS researcher Clionadh Raleigh and co-author Dominic Kniveton.

Using the new Social Conflict in Africa Database (SCAD), which contains data on more than 6,000 social conflict events over the past two decades, Hendrix and Salehyan examine the effect of rainfall variability on conflict in "Climate Change, Rainfall, and Social Conflict in Africa." Through a definition of social conflict that includes activities such as riots, strikes, and demonstrations, Hendrix and Salehyan analyze the relationship between environmental shocks and unrest. They find that extreme deviations in rainfall are associated positively with political conflict. For more information about CCAPS research on social conflict and SCAD, please click here.

In their article "Come Rain or Shine: An Analysis of Conflict and Climate Variability in East Africa," CCAPS researcher Clionadh Raleigh and co-author Dominic Kniveton explore the relationship between climate and conflict by focusing on rainfall variability and small-scale conflict in East Africa. Using the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED), the researchers conclude that, in areas where rebel or communal conflicts occur, conflict events will increase during periods of extreme rainfall variation.

In addition to her article in JPR last month, Raleigh recently discussed her research on climate change and conflict during a video interview by the Climate Change, Migration, and Security project at the Center for American Progress.

For more information about CCAPS research on climate change vulnerability and patterns of conflict, please click here.

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