10 November 2014

ACLED releases November 2014 Conflict Trends Report

In the November 2014 edition of ACLED’s Conflict Trends report, CCAPS researchers Clionadh Raleigh and Caitriona Dowd focus on rebel violence in DR-Congo, ongoing and escalating violence in Libya, prospects for peace in Mali, and a review of electoral violence in Mozambique. Additionally, this issue features a special focus on remote violence.

Rebel groups have been responsible for the majority of civilian fatalities in DR-Congo. Fatalities have spiked this year to over 10 times the levels seen previously.

During the months of September and October, political violence continued to increase in Libya. The highest amount of fatalities was recorded during this time period. Libya’s conflict trajectory has rapidly escalated through armed group battles.

Mali has seen a significant decrease in violence over the past few months. Although the number of violent events has decreased, Tuareg groups are still responsible for more then 50 percent of all fatalities reported in Mali. The general election was held on October 15th, 2015 in Mozambique. Prior to the election, the region saw a dramatic spike in riots and protests.

The Mozambique Democratic Movement’s Simango demanded last week that the October elections be completely annulled. Simango claimed that the elections “were stained by an unequal combat during the election campaign, and in proven acts of fraud and violence they have now had final discredit”. Continued conflict related to this election is expected.

Africa has been mirroring the global trend of the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). IED attacks may become more frequent in African conflicts, as governments consolidate more control over their territory.

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