08 August 2013

Complex Emergencies, Food Security, and New Subnational Data

The CCAPS program released a collection of new research on tracking aid for food security, complex emergencies, climate projections, and African education and infrastructure access data.

ccaps mapping toolCCAPS' Mapping Platform Wins Award for Application of Geospatial Technology
Known for its innovative research bridging policy and academic spheres, the Strauss Center received the esteemed Special Achievement in GIS (SAG) Award for its work mapping security risks related to climate change. The Strauss Center's CCAPS program uses geospatial technology to analyze how communities are vulnerable to climate change, understand links between climate change and conflict, and assess the effectiveness of targeting international responses. New user guides to the CCAPS Mapping Tool, Aid Dashboard, and Conflict Dashboard are now available on the CCAPS website.

complex emergencies copyIdentifying and Predicting Complex Emergencies
Cities across the developing world are increasingly regarded as exhibiting characteristics of 'complex emergencies' where conflict co-occurs with multiple additional, and often intractable, demographic, environmental, economic, and social instabilities. CCAPS researchers have developed a framework on how to identify, classify, and predict complex emergencies. This framework, outlined in CCAPS Research Brief No. 16 and further explored on the CCAPS website, defines complex emergencies as crises resulting from a combination of instabilities interacting with each other.

food securityTracking Aid for Food Security
CCAPS and Innovations for Peace and Development (IPD) have developed a new methodology for tracking food security activities conducted as part of international aid projects. To pilot this method, CCAPS and IPD researchers coded and mapped available aid projects, active between 1996 and 2010, from five major donors in Malawi. CCAPS Research Brief No. 17 discusses the study’s findings that 29 percent of these development activities were relevant to food security. The study also found that donors’ approaches vary considerably between efforts to improve the three core areas of food security through food availability, access, and utilization.

Subnational dataNew Subnational Data on African Education and Infrastructure Access
A new dataset of subnational African education and infrastructure access data, compiled by CCAPS, provides data on literacy rates, primary and secondary school attendance rates, access to improved water and sanitation, household access to electricity, and household ownership of radios and televisions in Africa. Unlike other datasets, notably the World Bank’s World Development Indicators, the CCAPS dataset provides data at the subnational level. The dataset includes data for 38 countries, covering 471 of Africa’s 699 first-level administrative districts.

projectedProjected Changes in East African Rainy Seasons
In their article in the Journal of Climate, CCAPS researchers Kerry Cook and Edward Vizy use a regional climate model with 90-km horizontal resolution to predict and analyze precipitation changes over East Africa due to greenhouse gas increases. The study finds that, in eastern Ethiopia and Somalia, the boreal spring rains that begin in May are cut short in the mid-twenty-first-century simulation. Further, in Tanzania and southern Kenya, the boreal spring's long rains are reduced throughout the season. This research expands on a previous study by the authors, published in Climate Dynamics, which projected decreases in the number of growing-season days in East Africa.
climate dashboard news

CCAPS Mapping Tools Explore Climate Security

The CCAPS Mapping Tools visualize data on climate change vulnerability, conflict, and aid to analyze how these issues intersect in Africa.