social conflict analysis database


Use of the data signifies your agreement to the following terms and conditions.

  1. Definitions. Within this section:
    • "SCAD" refers to the Social Conflict Analysis Database, produced by Cullen Hendrix and Idean Salehyan, for the program on Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS), Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin. This includes the data, codebook, auxiliary materials such as maps, and the web interface for accessing the data.
    • "CCAPS" refers to the program on Climate Change and African Political Stability at the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law, University of Texas at Austin.
    • "USER" refers to the individual or group who accesses the data, codebook, auxiliary materials such as maps, and the web interface for accessing the data.
    • "SCAD representatives" denotes Cullen Hendrix, Idean Salehyan, or any senior management of the CCAPS program team in interactions with "USER."
  2. Usage Rights. Pursuant to this agreement, the SCAD grants the USER the non-exclusive, non-guaranteed rights to search, browse, and view all contents in the SCAD web interface.
  3. Authorship. All contents of the SCAD were assembled by representatives of the CCAPS program and do not reflect the official position or data collections of the U.S. Department of Defense, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of North Texas, or any other agency of the United States government or Texas government.
  4. Acknowledgment. All information sourced from the SCAD should be acknowledged by the USER and cited appropriately. Bibliographic citations should conform to those outlined in How to Cite SCAD on this website.
  5. Commercial Potential. No part of the SCAD may be distributed for any commercial purpose, nor with the intent that the data be used in any commercial enterprise, without the express permission of a SCAD representative. Cullen Hendrix, Idean Salehyan, and the CCAPS program reserve the right to withhold this permission.
  6. Penalties. Penalties for failure to comply with the terms of this agreement may result in loss of access to the SCAD and the forfeiture of USER privileges, in addition to any other appropriate legal remedies.
  7. Limitation of Liability. Although every reasonable effort has been made to check sources and verify facts, the CCAPS program cannot guarantee that accounts reported in the open literature are complete and accurate. The USER shall not hold the CCAPS program liable for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions or resulting from any use, misuse, or alteration of SCAD data.
  8. Multimedia Copyright. Images and other multimedia files contained in the SCAD are held under copyright to various parties. No multimedia files from SCAD may be removed, reproduced, or disseminated without express written permission from the copyright holder.
  9. Termination of Rights. The SCAD developers reserve the right to remove access from any particular IP address or set of IP addresses, or to remove the database entirely from public access, at their discretion. In such an event, all USER rights granted in this document are terminated.


The SCAD team has made every effort to ensure that these data accurately represent social conflict as reported by the Associated Press and Agence France Presse via their newswires and posted on Lexis-Nexis. Because of the nature of news coverage, the SCAD team makes no claim that the data include all instances of social conflict. The SCAD team is also not responsible for any factual errors in the original reporting of an event. Questions about particular events should be directed to the principal investigators.


For users accessing a limited portion of the data through the online database, please use the following citation:

Cullen S. Hendrix and Idean Salehyan. "Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD).", accessed on <insert date>.

For users downloading and using the full data, please use the following citation:

Idean Salehyan, Cullen S. Hendrix, Jesse Hamner, Christina Case, Christopher Linebarger, Emily Stull, and Jennifer Williams, "Social Conflict in Africa: A New Database," International Interactions 38, 4 (2012): 503-511.