Evolving Threats and Capabilities: The Future of Mexican Intelligence Agencies
January 30, 2017 | 12:15:00 | Sid Richardson Hall Room 3.122
On January 30, the Strauss Center was thrilled to welcome Guillermo Valdes Castellanos, former Director of Mexico’s National Intelligence Agency (CISEN), and David Shedd, former Acting Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), for a conversation on “Evolving Threats and Capabilities: The Future of Mexican Intelligence Agencies”. The conversation provided the speakers’ unique perspectives and broader historical context on a few subject areas: the past, present, and future of the U.S.-Mexico relationship; the evolution of Mexico’s intelligence and security apparatus; and Mexico’s most pressing security challenges today.
The speakers provided an overview of the history of the two countries’ relationship, characterizing it as complex and mutually beneficial. They discussed U.S.-Mexican collaboration as vital to the economies and political stability of our nations, and expressed concern over the new chapter in relations that has followed President Trump’s inauguration, and the most recent tumult of the President Peña Nieto’s canceled visit. Valdes provided insight into Mexico’s dilemma of how to address a confrontational relationship with Trump, and pointed in particular to changes in U.S. immigration policy and the renegotiation of NAFTA. Valdes and Shedd agreed that both countries would be injured by a deteriorating relationship, and that even if a secure wall is built, if Mexico does not cooperate, we will not have a safe border.
Valdes also reflected on his earlier career under the Calderon administration. When he was named Director of CISEN in 2007, the Mexican intelligence agency had been under-resourced. He found President Calderon to be supportive in helping CISEN modernize and grow. Valdez reflected on the progress made in the subsequent years as CISEN was given a strategic role in reporting to the security cabinet. Valdes also discussed Mexico’s most pressing security challenges, noting that while organized crime dominates this conversation and is undeniably one of its greatest risks, it’s not the only one. Pointing to the unrest in Central America, he observed that Mexican national security is intrinsically linked to the political stability of its neighbors.
More photos of this event can be accessed here.
Audio of this event can be accessed here.
Video of this event can be accessed here.
On February 21, Valdes and Shedd participated in a follow-up interview with Fronteras. In a segment entitled “US-Mexico Intelligence Cooperation Braces For Possible Change”, the interview elaborated upon the Strauss Center event’s themes of the past, present, and future of the U.S.-Mexico relationship. Valdes and Shedd shared their unique perspectives and insights on the potential impact of the Trump administration’s recent actions on Mexican cooperation. Valdes expressed that he remains hopeful that a security relationship that took decades to build will weather the tumult of the transition.
The interview can be found in its entirety here.
Guillermo Valdes was the Director of Mexico’s National Intelligence Agency (CISEN) between January 2007 and September 2011. As a member of Mexico’s National Security Council and the National Public Security Cabinet, his most important responsibilities included coordinating the efforts of both bodies to generate information to be used in the drafting of research, assessments, and strategic scenarios on issues contained in the national security agenda. He coordinated jointly with President Barack Obama’s National Security Advisor John Brennan the Mexico-US High-Level Consultative Group on cooperation for security. He is the author of Historia del Narcotrafico en Mexico (The History of Drug Trafficking in Mexico) (Aguilar, 2013).
Before joining the CISEN, for 13 years he directed the area of politics and opinion surveys at Grupo de Economistas y Asociados, S.C. Some of the projects he developed in that capacity included a governability analysis model for the generation of political, economic and social scenarios. He began his professional career in the public sector, where he worked in various departments of the federal government (Presidency of the Republic and the ministries of Planning and Budgets, Social Development and Public Education) primarily as an advisor to the heads of those departments and in matters of public policy design.
David Shedd served as Acting Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency from August 2014 (following four years service as Deputy Director) to January 2015. As Acting Director he lead the Defense Intelligence Enterprise workforce comprised of more than 16,500 military and civilian employees worldwide. This workforce spans the Defense Intelligence Enterprise within the Department of Defense with an intelligence mission and/or function, plus all their stakeholders involved in creating, sustaining and enhancing mission capacity.
Mr. Shedd previously served from May 2007 to August 2010 as the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Deputy for Policy, Plans, and Requirements, where he was responsible for overseeing the formulation and implementation of major Intelligence Community (IC) policies across the full spectrum of issues, from information sharing and IC authorities to analytic standards, among others. In particular, he led the review of Executive Order 12333, the foundational U.S. intelligence policy, which was revised by President George W. Bush in July 2008. Additionally, Mr. Shedd developed and implemented a National Intelligence Strategy, published in August 2009 for the IC and led all strategic planning efforts to determine future intelligence priorities for the Community and the Nation.
From May 2005 to April 2007, Mr. Shedd served as Chief of Staff and, later, Acting Director of the Intelligence Staff to the Director of National Intelligence. Prior to the creation of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Mr. Shedd held intelligence policy positions at the National Security Council (NSC) from February 2001 to May 2005. He served as the NSC’s Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs and Reform. Mr. Shedd has been directly involved in the implementation of intelligence reform stemming from the 9/11 Commission report in July 2004, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, and the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Commission’s report to the President in March 2005.
From 1984 to 1993, Mr. Shedd was posted overseas in the U.S. Embassies in Costa Rica and Mexico. Mr. Shedd has also held a variety of senior management assignments at the Central Intelligence Agency, including Chief of Congressional Liaison.