Quick Facts: Iranian Politics

Official Name: Islamic Republic of Iran

Legal System: Iran bases its legal system on the Constitution of 1979, which was amended in 1989.


  • 290-member Majlis-e-Shuray-e Islami (National Assembly) 
  • The 12 member Guardian Council must approve all candidates for the Majlis; the supreme leader (rahbar) appoints six members and the judiciary appoints six members 
  • The Guardian Council must approve Majlis legislation 
  • The Expediency Council mediates between the Majlis and the Guardian Council 

Electoral System: There is universal adult suffrage for elections to the Majlis, to the Assembly of Experts (the body that chooses the rahbar), and for the presidency.

National elections: Iran holds legislative elections in March and Presidential elections in June.

The Supreme Leader (rahbar): Ayatollah Ali Khamenei

Head of State: The head of state is the President. He is elected for a four-year term with a maximum of two terms.

Key Leadership Positions:

  • President 
  • Head of Presidential Office 

Key Ministries:

  • Agriculture 
  • Commerce 
  • Culture & Islamic guidance 
  • Defense 
  • Economy & Finance 
  • Education 
  • Energy 
  • Foreign Affairs 
  • Industries & Mines 
  • Information (intelligence) 
  • Interior 
  • Justice 
  • Labor & Social Affairs 
  • Oil 
  • Speaker of the Majlis 
  • Head of the Supreme National Security Council 
  • Head of the Management & Planning Organization 
  • Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization 
  • Central Bank Governor 

This page last modified in August 2008