Professor Barany is the Frank C. Erwin, Jr. Centennial Professor of Government at the University of Texas where he has taught since 1991. Throughout his career, his research and writing have focused on military politics, military sociology, and democratization globally. More recently he has become interested in the monarchy as a form of government in the contemporary world. His early scholarship was also concerned with ethnopolitics (particularly the Gypsies/Roma) and East European politics more generally.
Professor Barany’s principal current research project is How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why? (under contract with Princeton University Press). The central argument of this study is that it is possible to make highly educated guesses, if not outright predictions, regarding the generals’ reaction to revolutions – and thus about the outcome of revolutions – by analyzing a number of domestic and external factors. The case studies include both single-country revolutions (Cuba, 1959; Iran, 1979) and clusters of revolutions (China and Eastern Europe, 1989; North Africa and the Middle East, 2011) to gauge processes of diffusion. He is also one of the four principal investigators of a global study on security sector reform and constitutional transition in emerging democracies financed and organized by the Stockholm-based NGO, International IDEA, and the Center for Constitutional Transitions at New York University Law School.
Professor Barany is the author of The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas (Princeton, 2012), Democratic Breakdown and the Decline of the Russian Military (Princeton, 2007), The Future of NATO Expansion (Cambridge, 2003), The East European Gypsies: Regime Change, Marginality, and Ethnopolitics (Cambridge, 2001), and Soldiers and Politics in Eastern Europe, 1945-90 (Macmillan, 1993). He is the co-editor of five other books: Is Democracy Exportable? (Cambridge, 2009), Ethnic Politics after Communism (Cornell, 2005), Russian Politics (Cambridge, 2001), Dilemmas of Transition (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), and The Legacies of Communism (Johns Hopkins, 1995). Professor Barany has published dozens of articles in academic and policy journals including Armed Forces & Societies,Comparative Politics, Ethnic & Racial Studies, Government & Opposition, Journal of Democracy, Journal of Strategic Studies, Parameters, Policy Review, Political Science Quarterly, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Security Studies, Slavic Review,Strategic Studies Quarterly, and World Politics.
During the final years of the Cold War Professor Barany worked for the U.S. Army in Europe, CBC Radio Canada International in Ottawa, and was a senior researcher at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Munich, West Germany. He has been a National Fellow and the Susan Louise Dyer Peace Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and has held visiting appointments at the University of Oxford, the University of Edinburgh, and at the East-West Center in Honolulu. His research has been supported by the Ford Foundation, IREX, NATO, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, as well as several U.S. federal agencies. Professor Barany is a summa cum laude graduate of Carleton University (1986) and earned his Ph.D. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia (1991) where he was a President's Fellow and a Woodrow Wilson Fellow. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (New York) and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London).